Halloween also known as All Hallows’ Eve ,is celebrated every year in various countries on the 31st October, a day before All Saints ’ Day(1st November) .
History of Halloween:-
The origin of Halloween is typically linked to the Celtic festival Samhain, which marks the end of harvest season and beginning of winter or the “darker half” of the year. It is believed that on the festival of Samhain, the veil between the human and the supernatural worlds is the thinnest. Spirits, both good and evil, roams the earth. The souls of the dead are also said to revisit their homes. Thus, this date later became known as All Hallows’ Eve during early Christian times and is a time to pray for the dead and honor the saints.
The most popular symbols (including color, figures, animals) associated with Halloween are Red, Black, Purple, Orange, Green, witches, wizards ,ghosts, skeleton, black cats, owl, spiders, cobwebs ,Jack-o-lanterns, pumpkin, haunted houses etc.
Typical festive Halloween activities include trick-o-treating (also known as “guising”), attending costume parties,decorating, bonfires, carving pumpkins into jack-o’ lanterns visiting haunted attractions, playing pranks, telling scary stories, and watching horror films.
Eid ul-Adha is also called The Feast of the Sacrifice, Kurban Bayram, Eid-e-Qurban, and Bakr Eid, is an important religious festival which is celebrated with traditional fervor and gaiety by Muslims worldwide. In the lunar Islamic calendar, Eid ul-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah.
Muslims around the world believe that Allah (God) commanded Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son Ishmael. Ibrahim followed God’s order, but his son was replaced by a sheep at the last moment. Thus, Eid-ul-Adha is, according to Islamic teaching, a time for Muslims to learn the value of self-denial by making a sacrifice to God.
National, state and local government offices are closed on this special day. Muslims wear new clothes and attend an open air prayer meeting. They may sacrifice a sheep or goat and share the meat with family members, neighbors and the poor.
The underlying importance of this festival is the spirit of sacrifice in memory of Abraham’s great act of faith many centuries ago.
Durga Puja – the ceremonial worship of the mother goddess, is one of the most important festivals of India, where goddess Durga, is worshiped with great passion and devotion. Apart from being a religious festival for the Bengali Hindus, it is also an occasion for reunion and rejuvenation, and a celebration of traditional culture and customs. While the festival includes ten days of worship, the last four days – Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami and Maha Dashami – are celebrated with much gaiety and grandeur.
In West Bengal and Tripura, which has a majority of Bengali Hindus, it is the largest festival of the year. In Bengal, Durga Puja is also Sharadiya Pujo (‘autumnal worship’), Sharodotsab (‘festival of autumn’), Maha Pujo (‘grand puja’), Maayer Pujo (‘worship of the Mother’) or merely as Puja or Pujo.
Durga Puja festival marks the victory of Goddess Durga over the evil buffalo demon Mahishasura. Thus, Durga Puja festival epitomizes the victory of Good over Evil.